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Professional Development Workshop

Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA): Logic, Theory, Methodology, and Applications

Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2019

August 9, 2019 from 17:45 to 19:45

Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2019 in Boston

The popularity of Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) among management scholars is increasing. We organized a workshop at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting of 2019 in Boston for people who want to start with NCA or refresh the basics. With 49 attendees, the workshop was a great success.

Workshop Description

In this workshop you will learn how to conduct Necessary Condition Analysis. Necessary but not sufficient statements are commonplace in organizational and management publications. The logical meaning of a “necessary condition” for an outcome is that the outcome cannot exist without it; it is needed. Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) is an upcoming approach for formulating and testing necessary condition theories. The method was recently published in Organizational Research Methods (2016, 2018) and is now used in many fields including HRM, Strategy, OB, Operations, and Entrepreneurship.

NCA understands cause-effect relations as “necessary but not sufficient” and not as additive logic used in regression analysis. “Necessary” means that an outcome will not occur without the right level of the condition, independently of the rest of the causal structure (thus the condition can be a “bottleneck”, “critical factor”, “constraint”). In practice, the right level must be put and kept in place to avoid guaranteed failure, and to allow the outcome to exist. NCA can provide strong results that are complementary to traditional additive logic and regression approaches. By adding a different logic and data analysis approach, NCA adds both rigor and relevance to theory and data analysis.

This interactive session familiarizes scholars with the method and has two parts. Part 1 is a general introduction discussing the importance of necessary conditions, illustrated with examples from different fields, and comparing NCA with regression analysis. Part 2 helps participants to become the first users of NCA in their field, with a practical demonstration about the application of NCA on how to build necessity theories, and how to analyze data for testing such theories using the NCA software. For more information about NCA see www.erim.nl/nca

More information about Necessary Condition Analysis can be found on www.erim.nl/nca.

Workshop Information

Workshop sponsors: Research Methods (RM) Division, Organization and Management Theory (OMT) Division